What are Child Rights in India

What are Child Rights in India, Everything You Need To Know

Child rights In India matters a lot as it ensures the bright future of our country. The Indian Constitution has designed the child rights which helps in production of children against any exploitation. Children are the most vulnerable society member and it’s our duty to protect every child in India.

Child Rights in India

Child labour, child trafficking, child marriage these are not only crimes but is the major issue in India. Every year thousands of children are trafficked and forced to work in the most hazardous and inhuman conditions. Child labour is a huge issue in India as it is one of the major factors for the growth of unemployment. Child marriage is another issue which needs to be taken care of as it is one of the major reasons for the growth of child labour.

So today through this blog we are just trying to draw your attention on what is Child rights, laws related to child rights in India. And how we can save the children from such evil practices of the society. So read the blog till the end. 

What are Child Rights in India?

As per our Indian constitution children are equally important like the adults. So Basic fundamental rights are given to the children. And every child of our country needs security and protection. So keeping that in mind Indian constitution has encompassed following rights. 

  1. Right to education – every child from age 6 to 14 has the right to free elementary education as per the article 21A 
  2. Right to protect themselves from hazardous employment – if a child is under 14 years has the right to protect themselves from hazardous jobs like employment at chemical factories mines etc. 
  3. Right to equality – as per the article 14 of our Indian constitution every Indian citizen is equal in front of the law. And if we say  Indians citizen than it includes the children also.
  4. Right to good health – every child has a right to live healthy and hygienic life. As per this right  When it comes on health then no one should suffer due to financial barriers. 
  5. Right to protect from abuse – every child has a right to protect themselves from physical and verbal abuse. No one can force them to work in any such profession which is not suitable for their age. 
  6. Right against discrimination – as per the article 15 everyone is equal before the law. Discrimination on the basis of sex, caste, religion is considered crime.

Social evils violating child rights

We all are very much aware of all the above mentioned child rights. Now we should also know the social evils and the crimes that are violating Child rights. We should know what are the crimes violating Child rights so that we can protect our child from these crimes. So, let’s have a look at the crimes violating child rights. 

  • Child Labour – Child labour is one of the social evil which is hindering the children from their right to education. If the children are engaged in child labour then it is not good for their health,  And for their future. If these children will work today instead of going to schools then this will lead to unemployment in their adulthood.  

Instead of giving employment to these children we should try to give education to them. In order to make them more capable when they grow up. 

  • Early child marriage – at the school going age, The children who became the victim of child marriage suffers mentally and physically. It is the right of a child to live the life freely. However due to child marriage at very young age these children are bound with responsibilities. Hence they drop the school which leads to lack of knowledge and unemployment in future. 
  • Gender inequality – gender equality is something which we are facing from past centuries. And today low female literacy rate is the result of gender inequality. Which results In sluggish growth of our country. 
  • Child sexual harassment – another heinous child crime. Unfortunately there are many children who are being molested sexually on regular basis. And the sad part is due to the lack of knowledge children does not understand the severity of such crime. Not only this they are even threatened to stay silent.

What national commission for protection of child rights helping the children

NCPCR was formed in March 2007. The commission has been formed to ensure that the children’s rights are protected. NCPCR was established in order to protect the rights of children and provide them with adequate care and education. It is a statutory body which works under the government. It is the duty of the NCPCR to ensure that the rights of the children are not violated. 

Guiding principles and child rights commission 

Child rights commission take a look on children’s right in India. There are many laws and rules which are framed by the government to protect the rights, safety and security of children. It is the duty of the government to ensure that the rights of children are not violated. 

children are the future of our country and to protect them from violation is all Indians duty. In the realm of child rights, every child is entitled to a number of protections and entitlements. 


Ques 1. what are the rights of a children?

Ans. In our Indian constitution children are considered as important as an adult. Hence there are many child rights to protect the children from violation. So here is the list of child rights. 

  1. Right to education
  2. Right to nutrition
  3. Right to protect against exploitation
  4. Right to equality
  5. Right to healthcare

Ques 2. when is child rights day celebrated?

Ans. The child rights Day is celebrated on 20th November. On this day, we are reminded how important it is to promote and protect the rights of children around the world.

Ques 3. How many child rights are there in India?

Ans. There are majorly 12 types of Child rights in India. A few basic rights RS as follows.

  1. Article 14 of the Indian Constitution states the right to equality.
  2. Article 15 of the Indian Constitution talk about the right against discrimination.
  3. article 19 1A says about right to freedom of expression.
  4. Article 21 in the Indian constitution talks about the right to live.
  5. Article 21 also states about the right to health
  6. Article 20 1A says right to education.
  7. Article 23 of our India Indian Constitution says about the right to protect from trafficking and forced labour.
  8. Article 39 E is about right to protect against abuse.
  9. Article 39 F is right to equal opportunities and facilities.
  10. Article 46 is right against social injustice and all form of exploitation.
  11. Right to identity

Ques 4. In which year was the declaration of the rights of the child adopted by UN? 

Ans. Child right was adopted by United nation on 20 November 1959. The main Objective behind behind this was to protect their children of the world from being exploited. 

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